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Title   Bronze and Iron Age population movements underlie Xinjiang population history
Authors   VIKAS KUMAR
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Year   2022
Title of Journal   Science
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Abstract   The Xinjiang region in northwest China is a historically important geographical passage between East and West Eurasia. By sequencing 201 ancient genomes from 39 archaeological sites, we clarify the complex demographic history of this region. Bronze Age Xinjiang populations are characterized by four major ancestries related to Early Bronze Age cultures from the central and eastern Steppe, Central Asian, and Tarim Basin regions. Admixtures between Middle and Late Bronze Age Steppe cultures continued during the Late Bronze and Iron Ages, along with an inflow of East and Central Asian ancestry. Historical era populations show similar admixed and diverse ancestries as those of present-day Xinjiang populations. These results document the influence that East and West Eurasian populations have had over time in the different regions of Xinjiang.
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Full Text Link   https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abk1534https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abk1534
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