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WU Xinzhi
   142 Xizhimenwai ST., Beijing, 100044, China
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Education and Appointments:

  Year 2013’s Lifetime Achievement Award in Anthropology was granted to Professor WU Xinzhi, CAS academician, research professor at Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, for his great achievements in the field of paleoanthropology. Wu was born in Hefei, Anhui, on June 2, 1928. He was graduated from Shanghai Number One Medical College in May, 1953, and from Advanced Class organized by Ministry of Public Health at Dalian Medical College in September of 1953. From 1953 to 1957, he was teaching assistant at Department of Anatomy, Dalian Medical College. From 1957 to 1961, he was master student of CAS, and became assistant research professor of IVPP, CAS, and later associate research professor, vice director, and research professor today. From 1990, he was elected as vice director of Chinese Association of Anatomy, and later became the honored director. From 1982, he was associate editor and later chief editor of Acta Anthropologica Sinica. In 1999, he became an academician of CAS.

  Over the past ninety odd years, Pleistocene human fossils have been found from more than 80 sites in China. In addition to the detailed studies for the morphology of human fossils found from Dali, Upper Cave, and Xichuan, WU Xinzhi has made comprehensive studies on human fossils found in China, and comparative studies between them and those found in other regions of the world. Based on results of these investigations, Milford H. Wolpoff, Wu Xinzhi, and Alan G. Thorne jointly proposed the Multiregional Evolution Hypothesis for the origin of modern humans in 1984. Wu Xinzhi has also proposed the Continuity with Hybridization Hypothesis for the human evolution in China in 1998. He has made further studies to enrich and defend these hypotheses. Wu’s research kept the diversity of anthropological studies, and promoted the study of human origin among arguments. Besides his research on human evolution, he has done pioneer works in the fields of Morphology of Primates and Forensic Anthropology in China.

Research Interest:
Public Services:


Seleted Publication:

    Woo Jukang, Wu Xinzhi, Wang Cunyi(1959) New reconstruction of physiognomy of Sinanthropus woman. PalAsiatica,3(3): 165-166.

    Wu Xinzhi(1961) On the racial types of the Upper Cave Man of Choukoudian. Scientia Sinica,10(8): 998-1005.

  Wu Xinzhi(1981) A well preserved cranium of archaic type of early Homo sapiens from Dali, China. Scientia Sinica,24(4): 530-543.

  Wu Rukang, Wu Xinzhi(1982) Comparison of Tautavel Man with Homo erectus and early Homo sapiens in China. In: L’Homo Erectus et la Place de L’Homme de Tautavel Parmi les Hominides Fossiles. 1er Congres International de Paleontologie Humaine, Nice Prestige Vol.2.605-616. Nice: Louis-Jean.

  Wu Rukang, Wu Xinzhi(1984) Hominid fossils from China and their relation to those of neighboring regions. In: The Evolution of the East Asian Environment (2). Whyte P. et al. eds. Hong Kong: Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong.787-795.

  Wolpoff MH, Wu XZ,Thorne AG(1984)Modern Homo sapiens origins: a general theory of hominid evolution involving the fossil evidence from East Asia. In: Smith F.H., and Spencer F., eds. The Origin of Modern Humans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence. New York: Liss.411-483.

  Wu Xinzhi, Wang Linghong(1985) Chronology in Chinese Palaeoanthropology. In: Palaeoanthropology and Palaeolithic Archaeology in the People’s Republic of China. Wu Rukang and Olsen JW eds. Orlando:Academic Press, Inc.29-51.

  Wu Xinzhi, Wu Maolin(1985) Early Homo sapiens in China. Ibid:91-106.

  Wu Xinzhi, Zhang Zhenbiao(1985) Homo sapiens remains from Late Palaeolithic and Neolithic in China. Ibid:107-133.

  Wu Xinzhi(1986) Upper Palaeolithic man in China and his relation with populations of neighboring areas. In: The Pleistocene Perspective. Vol.1 Department of Archaeology, University of Southampton ed. Southampton: Allen and Unwin.

  Wu Xinzhi(1988) China report-Palaeoanthropology. In: Whyte P. et al. eds. The Palaeoenvironment of East Asia from Mid-Tertiary, Proceedings of the Second Conference. Vol.2. Hong Kong University of Hong Kong.971-980.

  Wu Xinzhi(1988) Human migration in East Asia and Australia during the Late Pleistocene. In: Whyte P et al. eds. The Palaeoenvironment of East Asia from Mid-Tertiary, Proceedings of the Second Conference. Vol.2. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong.1069-1075.

  Wu Xinzhi(1991) Human evolution and dispersal in East Asia. In: Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology ed. Contributions to the XIII INQUA. Beijing: Beijing Publishing House of Science,15-20.

  Wu Xinzhi(1991) Fossil humankind of China. In: Quarternary Geology and Environment in China. Liu TS ed. Beijing: Science Press.129-135.

  Wu Xinzhi(1991) Continuité évolutive des hommes fossiles Chinois. In: Hublin J.J. et Tillier M.A. eds. Aux Origins d’Homo sapiens. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.157-159.

    Wu Xinzhi(1992) Origins and affinities of the stone age inhabitants of Japan. In: Japanese As a Member of the Asian and Pacific Populations, International Symposium 4. Kyoto: International Research Center for Japanese Studies.1-8.

  Wu Xinzhi(1992) Origin of Homo sapiens in China. In: Korea Anthropology Institute et al. eds. Korea-China Quarternary Prehistory Symposium. Seoul.106-111.

  Wu Xinzhi(1992) The origin and dispersal of anatomically modern humans in East Asia and Southeast Asia. In: The Evolution and Dispersal of Modern Humans in Asia. Akazawa T., Aoki K. and Kimura T. eds. Tokyo: Kokusen-sha.373-378.

  Wu Xinzhi, Br.uer G(1993) Morphological comparison of archaic Homo sapiens crania from China and Africa. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie,79(3): 241-259.

  Wu Xinzhi(1994) New advances on the origin of anatomically modern humans in East Asia. In: Abstracts, XIV Federative International Congress of Anatomy (Lisbon). Department of Anatomy and of Histology and Embryology, New University of Lisbon, Faculty of Medical Sciences.211

  Wu Xinzhi(1994) Pleistocene peoples of China and the peopling of the Americans In: Bonnichsen R. and Steele D.C. eds. Methods and Theory for Investigating the Peopling of the Americans. Oregon: Center for the Study of the First Americans, Oregon State University, Corvallis.73-78.

  Wu Xinzhi(1995) The continuity of human evolution in East Asia. In: Brenner S. and Hanihara K. eds. The Origin and Past of Modern Humans As Viewed from DNA. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co,267-282.

  Wu Xinzhi(1995) Morphological comparison between human skulls of middle Pleistocene from China and Europe. In: Bermudez et al. eds. Evolucion Humana En Europay Los Yacimientos De La Sierra De Atapuerca. Vol.1. Junta de Castilay Leon Consejeria de Culturay Turismo.243-248.

  Wu Xinzhi, Poirier FE(1995)Human Evolution in China A Morphometric Description of Fossils and a Review of Sites. New York: Oxford University Press,1-317.

  Wu Xinzhi(1996) The mosaic evolution of humankind in China. In: Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 15, Indo-Pacific Prehistory, The Chiang Mai Papers Vol.2. Glover I.C. and Bellwood P. eds.225-228.

  Wu Rukang, Wu Xinzhi(1996) China, Hominid An Up-date. Orban R and Roels D. eds. Bruxelle: Lab. Anthropology and Human Genetics, Universite Libre Bruxelles.1-105.

  Wu Xinzhi(1997) On the descent of modern humans in East Asia. In: Conceptual Issues in Modern Human Origin Research.  Clarke G.A. and Willermet C.M. eds. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.283-293.

  Wu Rukang, Wu Xinzhi(1997) China. In: History of Physical Anthropology An Encyclopedia. Vol.1 Spencer F. ed. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.273-282.

  Grün R, Huang PH, Wu X, Stringer CB, Thorne AG, McCulloch M(1998) ESR analysis of teeth from paleoanthropological site of Zhoukoudian, China. Journal of Human Evolution.32(1): 83-91.

  Wu Xinzhi(1999) Investigating the possible use of fire at Zhoukoudian, China. Science,283: 299.

  Wu Xinzhi(2002) Longgupo mandible belongs to ape. Acta Anthropologica Sinica 21(Supplement):19-24.

  Wu Xinzhi(2004) On the origin of modern humans in China. Quaternary International,117: 131-140.

  Wu Xinzhi(2004) Fossil humankind and other anthropoid Primates of China. International Journal of Primatology,25(5): 1093-2004

  Wu Xinzhi(2005) The role played by archaeology in the construction of China. Centre for Archaeological Research Malaysia, Malaysia Science University.

  Wu Xinzhi(2005) Palaeoanthropological and molecular studies on the origin of modern humans. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa.60(2): 115-119.

  Wu Xinzhi, Cui Yaming(2010) On the origin of modern humans in China. Before Farming(online), 2010(4) article,6: 1-6.

  Liu W, Jin CZ, Zhang YQ, Cai YJ, Xing S, Wu XJ, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Pan WS, Qin DG, An ZS, Trinkaus E, Wu XZ(2010) Human remains from Zhirendong, South China, and modern human emergence in East Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,107(45): 19201-19206.

  Zhao LingXia, Zhang LiZhao, Zhang FuSong, Wu XinZhi(2011) Enamel carbon isotope evidence of diet and habit of Gigantopithecus blacki and associated mammalian megafauna in the Early Pleistocene of South China. Chinese Science Bulletin,56(33): 3590-3595.

  Wu Xinzhi (2012)Human evolution in China Viewed from multidisciplinary records. In Peter Nas, Hao Shiyuan and Zhang Xiaomin eds. Keynotes in Anthropology. 13-21.

    Wu Xinzhi, Athreya Sheela(2013) A Description of the Geological Context, Discrete Traits, and Linear Morphometrics of the Middle Pleistocene Hominin from Dali, Shaanxi Province, China. American Journal of Physical Anthropology,150:141–157.

  Rosenberg KR, Wu Xinzhi(2013) A River Runs through It: Modern Human Origins in East Asia. The Origins of Modern Humans: Biology Reconsidered, Chapter 3, Edited by Fred H. Smith and James C. M. Ahern.89-122.

  Maohua Zhong, Congling Shi, Xing Gao, Xinzhi Wu, Fuyou Chen, Shuangquan Zhang, Xingkai Zhang, John W. Olsen(2014). On the possible use of fire by Homo erectus at Zhoukoudian, China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2014, 59(3): 335-343. 

  Yaming Cui, Xinzhi Wu(2015). A geometric, morphometric study of a Middle Pleistocene cranium from Hexian, China. Journal of Human Evolution, 88: 54-69. 

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