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巨猿在灵长类分类系统中的地位
2010-03-24 | 编辑: | 【

作者:董悌忱

摘要:Ever since the Dutch palaeontologist von Koenigswald reported the fossil teeth of Gigantopithecus for the first time in 1935, the taxonomic position of this interesting new find has become a controversial question, hotly disputed by anthropologists. Having studied a fair amount of material of Gigantopithecus (including three mandibles and more than 700 teeth), and, in addition, scrutinized Weidenreich's "Gigantanthropus Theory", traced Broom's phylogenetic tree and reviewed Simpson's classification system, the author of the present paper came to the conclusion, based on morphological evidences, that the Giagantopithecus could neither be a member of Hominidae nor that of Ponginae, and still it could not belong to the group of Australopithecus, as maintained by the above authorities in one way of another. Since it bears a series of quite distinctly differentiated characteristics by its own, evidently it stands for a completely independent branch on the primate genealogical tree. And, with those reasons, therefore, the author considers Gigantopithecinae as a new subfamily, with Gigantopithecus as its type genus, logically belonging to Pongidae, not to Hominidae, for this important fossil anthropoid.

卷期: 6卷 4期

 The Taxonomic Position of Gigantopithecus in Primates

Tung Ti-cheng

 
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The Taxonomic Position of Gigantopithecus in Primates
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